‘Cultural competence’ key to reduce cardiometabolic risk among South Asian subgroups

Sumary of ‘Cultural competence’ key to reduce cardiometabolic risk among South Asian subgroups:

  • September 10, 2021 3 min read Source/Disclosures Published by: Source: Gulati M.
  • Back to Healio South Asian adults develop cardiovascular disease approximately a decade earlier than people of other ethnicities, and the multifactorial causes of premature risk show more preventive work is needed, according to a speaker.
  • South Asians make up about 25% of the world’s population, and their risk for CVD is double that of the national averages of the Western world, Martha Gulati, MD, MS, FACC, FAHA, FASPC, president-elect of the American Society for Preventive Cardiology, said during a presentation at the Heart in Diabetes CME Conference.
  • Approximately 1 in 2 South Asian adults with normal weight have at least two risk factors for CVD compared with 1 in 5 white adults with normal weight, Gulati said.
  • South Asian adults are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia and high cholesterol at lower body weights compared with the general population, she said, though risk varies among South Asian subgroups.
  • Currently, about 5 million South Asian adults live in the U.S. Gulati is president-elect of the American Society for Preventive Cardiology.
  • When we say, ‘South Asian,’ those of us who are cardiologists or endocrinologists should try to find out a little bit more about where exactly our patient comes from.
  • Certainly, South Asian ancestry is a risk enhancer for CVD, based on 2019 guidelines.

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