Study finds benefits, drawbacks to two-step surgical approach for mitral and tricuspid valve regurgi …

study finds benefits drawbacks to two step surgical approach for mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation

Sumary of Study finds benefits, drawbacks to two-step surgical approach for mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation:

  • The primary findings were released at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions and published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
  • Researchers found patients who had the mitral valve surgery with the tricuspid annuloplasty were less likely to die, need a tricuspid valve reoperation, or have tricuspid regurgitation advance to a severe stage during a two-year period after treatment, compared to those who had the mitral valve surgery alone.
  • The surgical protocol aims to prevent regurgitation, which occurs when flaps on the heart valves don’t close properly and blood flows backward into the heart.
  • In severe cases, regurgitation can increase the risk for an irregular heart rhythm, stroke, or heart failure.
  • More than 8 million Americans are diagnosed with some form of heart valve disease each year.
  • A standard procedure for regurgitation that affects the mitral and tricuspid valves typically involves mitral valve surgery – which usually starts with minor tissue repair but could advance to valve repair or replacement.
  • In this procedure, surgeons use a ring to reshape or resize a widening valve.
  • While many patients, about 78%, with severe tricuspid regurgitation pair a tricuspid annuloplasty with mitral valve surgery, only about 4% with mild tricuspid regurgitation and 35% with moderate tricuspid regurgitation do so.

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