Sumary of Thankful For Science: Celebrating The 100th Anniversary Of The Discovery Of Insulin:
- Universal Images Group via Getty Images November is Diabetes Awareness Month, and this Thanksgiving, I am immensely grateful for a medication that has profoundly changed the course of human history.
- ” “Blood Sugar” Disease: The Basics Insulin being released from the pancreas and into the bloodstream to bind glucose and transport into .
- [+] cells getty According to the CDC, 34.2 million people have diabetes or 10.5% of the U.S. population.
- Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps to shift glucose from your blood vessels into cells where it’s used for energy.
- Now, a century later, this tiny pancreatic hormone continues to be a game-changer, especially to diabetes specialists.
- “The discovery of insulin has meant the ability to provide life-sustaining hormone replacement therapy to those who are unable to make insulin or do not make enough,” explains Nancy Wei, MD, an endocrinologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and assistant professor at Harvard Medical School.
- getty One end of the spectrum consists of autoimmune-mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells which make insulin (type 1 diabetes).
- On the other end of the spectrum, glucose tolerance weakens with age (type 2 diabetes).