Leukaemia tends to begin in the blood-forming tissue, known as the bone marrow. The disease leads to the over-production of abnormal white blood cells, which are supposed to be part of the immune system.
The blood cancer charity Leukaemia Care explained bone marrow is the “spongy tissue found inside bones”.Lymphoid stem cells (found in the bone marrow) turn into one of three type of white blood cells (i.e. lymphocytes): B lymphocytes make antibodies to help fight infection. T lymphocytes help B lymphocytes make the antibodies that help fight infection.
Natural killer cells that attack cancer cells and viruses.
Most forms of leukaemia are “common in older people”, and is more commonly found in men.
When the bone marrow is full of leukaemia cells, it’s unable to produce large numbers of normal blood cells; this is what leads to symptoms of the disease.
Notoriously vague, “night sweats” – i.e. excessive sweating – can be a sign of leukaemia.
Other warnings signs include: weakness, tiredness, shortness of breath, light-headedness, and palpitations.
READ MORE: Coronavirus: Which mouthwash contains cetylpyridinium chloride that may fight covid?
Moreover, you may have a general feeling of being unwell and could have a fever, where you’ve got a high temperature.
Purpura may occur, which is small bruises in the skin, nosebleeds, and bleeding gums.
Leukaemia Care have identified six common symptoms depending on your age range.
For people aged 25 to 64 years old who have leukaemia, they’re more likely to experience the following:Fatigue Bruising or bleeding Repeated infections Feeling weak or breathless Fever Joint or bone pain
People aged 65 and over are more likely to experience weight loss or swollen lymph nodes in conjunction with the other symptoms.