Layperson-delivered psychological intervention may improve adolescent depression, anxiety

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Sumary of Layperson-delivered psychological intervention may improve adolescent depression, anxiety:

  • A layperson-delivered psychological intervention that focused on positive human attributes rather than psychopathology reduced depression and anxiety in adolescents, according to results of a randomized clinical trial conducted in Kenya..
  • “This intervention, Shamiri (Kiswahili for thrive), is designed for implementation with adolescents meeting in groups led by trained laypersons,”.
  • Osborn, AB, of the Shamiri Institute and department of psychology at Harvard University, and colleagues wrote in JAMA Psychiatry..
  • “A preliminary proof-of-concept trial tested Shamiri with 51 Kenyan youths (aged 14 to 17 years) who showed elevated anxiety and/or depression symptoms..
  • Youths randomly assigned to Shamiri (n = 28) showed significantly greater reductions in depression and anxiety symptoms than youths randomized to a study skills control (n = 23).”.
  • In the current study, they aimed to determine whether Shamiri, a 4-week layperson-delivered intervention incorporating elements of growth mindset, gratitude and value affirmation, improved depression and anxiety symptoms among symptomatic Kenyan adolescents aged 13 to 18 years..
  • Osborn and colleagues randomly assigned participants to the Shamiri intervention (n = 205) or to a study skills control group (n = 208), and those in both conditions met in groups with a mean size of 9 participants for 60 minutes per week for 4 weeks..
  • Depression symptoms assessed via the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 item and anxiety symptoms assessed via the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 item served as primary outcomes….

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